


The first recorded reference to patents seems to be in Aristotle's Politics, composed in the fourth centry B.C. In the course of a discussion of rival descriptions of a good constitution, Aristotle mentions a proposal by one Hippodamus. According to Aristotle, Hippodamus of Miletos calls for a system of rewards to those who discover things useful to the state.
Robert Patrick Merges.


Thales of Miletus ( /ˈθeɪliːz/; Greek: Θαλῆς, Thalēs; c. 624 BC – c. 546 BC) was a preSocratic Greek philosopher from Miletus in Asia Minor, and one of the Seven Sages of Greece. Many, most notably Aristotle, regard him as the first philosopher in the Greek tradition.[1] According to Bertrand Russell, "Western philosophy begins with Thales."[2] Thales attempted to explain natural phenomena without reference to mythology and was tremendously influential in this respect. Almost all of the other preSocratic philosophers follow him in attempting to provide an explanation of ultimate substance, change, and the existence of the world—without reference to mythology. Those philosophers were also influential, and eventually Thales' rejection of mythological explanations became an essential idea for the scientific revolution. He was also the first to define general principles and set forth hypotheses, and as a result has been dubbed the "Father of Science", though it is argued that Democritus is actually more deserving of this title.[3][4]
In mathematics, Thales used geometry to solve problems such as calculating the height of pyramids and the distance of ships from the shore. He is credited with the first use of deductive reasoning applied to geometry, by deriving four corollaries to Thales' Theorem. As a result, he has been hailed as the first true mathematician and is the first known individual to whom a mathematical discovery has been attributed. Also, Thales was the first person known to have studied electricity.[5] 
Thales
Full name Thales of Miletus (Θαλῆς ὁ Μιλήσιος)
Born ca. 620–625 BC
Died ca. 547–546 BC
School 
Ionian, Milesian school, Naturalism 
Main interests 
Ethics, Metaphysics, Mathematics, Astronomy 
Notable ideas 
Water is the physis, Thales' theorem, intercept theorem 
Ethics, Metaphysics, Mathematics, Astronomy Notable ideas 
Water is the physis, Thales' theorem, intercept theorem Influenced by[show]
Influenced[show] 
Influenced by[show] 

Carl
F. Melito
Registered
Patent Attorney
12225
Greenville Ave. Suite 700
Dallas,
Texas, USA 75243
Phone: (972) 2343966
EMail:
carl@melito.com


 Thales of Miletus: (c. 624 BC – c. 546 BC) Thales is the first wellknown philosopher and mathematician. His advice, "Know thyself," was engraved on the front façade of the Oracle of Apollo in Delphi.




